Project Management

Types of Control

  1. Feedback control (after-the-fact control).

Feedback control methods focus on end results. Feedback control occurs after the fact, meaning it occurs after something has happened.
In project management, feedback control is the least preferable form because undesirable events have already taken place.

  1. Screening control (concurrent control).

This type of control takes place when a process is about to occur.

  1. Feedforward control (preliminary control).

The best form of control is one that tells you to take action before a deviation occurs.

Feedforward control is the best type of control because it identifies undesirable events before they happen. It brings to light what problems will happen if corrective action is not taken now.

To use feedforward control, it is required that you:

    1. Identify all relevant input variables (time, volume, and money).

    2. Have a dynamic model representing the actual process and keep it updated.

    3. Collect data and enter it into the system.

    4. Perform regular assessments of projected variations from the plan.

    5. Take action before a problem occurs.

So action is taken today, to prevent a problem in the future.


Control Techniques

  1. Budgets.

Budgets are either preventive or corrective. While they represent a planned disbursement of funds, actual spending does not occur unless proper approvals are obtained. This represents the preventive nature of budgets.

  1. Charts.

The number of charts that you can use for control is extensive. A chart is similar to a budget except it expresses information using a graphical approach.

  1. Audits.

Use an audit to review any part of your organization's operating procedures and methods to evaluate efficiency and effectiveness.

Basic steps for using the control process?

  1. Identify characteristics.

What is to be controlled..

  1. Set a standard.

Set a standard that is challenging yet achievable.

  1. Collect information.

Collect data to see how the “Control” is doing

  1. Measure performance.

Based on the information see the actual performance..

  1. Compare performance to a standard.

Based on the Information and “performance data” Compare the set standards vs actual performance.

Take corrective action

CONTROL DETAILS

PROJECT LIFE CYCLE

 
 
     
         

For personal use of Construction Professionals only..