Types of Control
Feedback control methods focus on end
results. This is the type of
control that most people are familiar with.
Feedback control occurs
after the fact, meaning it occurs after something has happened.
In project management, feedback control is the least preferable
form because undesirable events have already taken place.
This type of control takes place when
a process is about to occur.
control (preliminary control).
The best form of control is one that
tells you to take action before a deviation occurs.
Feedforward control is the best type
of control because it identifies undesirable events
they happen. It brings to light
what problems will happen if corrective action is not taken now.
To use feedforward control, it is required that you:
relevant input variables (time, volume, and money).
Have a dynamic
model representing the actual process and keep it updated.
Collect data and
enter it into the system.
assessments of projected variations from the plan.
before a problem occurs.
There are three major types to select
from. Make your choices from the following:
Use a budget as a very effective control
Typical examples of budgets include your
project personnel budget and your material budget.
The number of charts that you can use for
control is extensive. A chart is similar to a budget except it expresses
information using a graphical approach.
Use an audit to review any part of your
organization's operating procedures and methods to evaluate efficiency
and effectiveness. When you complete an audit, make recommendations to
management for improving operations in such areas as organizational
structure, computer operations, production methods, and marketing.
are the basic steps for using the control process?
to be controlled..
Set a standard.
standard that is challenging yet achievable.
data to see how the “Control” is doing
the information see the actual performance..
performance to a standard.
the Information and “performance data” Compare the set standards vs
PROJECT LIFE CYCLE- Control